Archive for the ‘Abortion Reduction’ Category

Free Birth Control Cuts Abortion Rate by 62 Percent

Stephanie Pappas, LiveScience Senior WriterDate: 04 October 2012 Time: 05:00 PM ET

Providing free, reliable birth control to women could prevent between 41 percent and 71 percent of abortions in the United States, new research finds.

In a study published today (Oct. 4) in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, researchers provided free methods of reversible, reliable contraception to more than 9,000 teens and women in the St. Louis area. They found that the program reduced the abortion rate among these women by 62 percent to 78 percent.

“The impact of providing no-cost birth control was far greater than we expected in terms of unintended pregnancies,” lead author Jeff Peipert, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the Washington University School of Medicine, said in a statement. “We think improving access to birth control, particularly IUDs [intrauterine devices] and [hormone] implants, coupled with education on the most effective methods, has the potential to significantly decrease the number of unintended pregnancies and abortions in this country.”

The findings have implications for public policy, especially given that President Obama’s health-care plan requires employers to offer plans that include birth control coverage. This requirement has been a point of controversy in the lead-up to the 2012 election.
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Increasing Contraception Reduces Abortion

Complex relationship between contraception and induced abortion grows clearer.

Network: 2002, Vol. 21, No. 4

Recent studies offer strong evidence of a widely supposed but difficult-to-demonstrate benefit of reproductive health services: that increasing the use of effective contraception leads to declines in induced abortion rates.

“It is something people have assumed all along, but it is very hard, for a number of reasons, to show that increasing contraception reduces abortion,” says Dr. Julie DaVanzo, director of the U.S.-based RAND’s Population Matters Project and a coauthor of studies on the relationship between family planning and abortion in Bangladesh and Russia.

Dr. DaVanzo notes that this challenge is becoming easier with the availability of more accurate, reliable data, including data from a number of countries on trends in contraceptive use and abortion during the 1990s.

The most striking examples of declines in abortion associated with increased use of effective contraception are found in the states of the former Soviet Union and Eastern and Central Europe, where abortion rates dropped by 25 percent to 50 percent during the past decade.1 Strong data linking lower abortion rates with better access to high-quality family planning services and greater contraceptive use come from a study in Bangladesh that is one of the few to address the question through an experimental design.2

The results of such studies can help dispel misconceptions about the relationship between family planning and abortion. They can also help policy-makers, program managers, and providers identify ways to improve reproductive health services.

Demonstrating that increased contraceptive use leads to fewer abortions is particularly important in countries where unsafe abortion poses a serious threat to women’s health and survival. Unsafe abortion claims the lives of almost 80,000 women every year. It causes 13 percent of all maternal mortality worldwide and as much as 60 percent of maternal deaths in some countries.3 Life-threatening complications occur in about a third of women undergoing an unsafe abortion.4
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From Abortion to Contraception

July 20, 2012, 7:07 AM

By HALEY SWEETLAND EDWARDS

TBILISI — Eka, a short brunette with brown eyes highlighted by green eyeliner, is by several measures the average Georgian woman. She has a high-school degree, a job, a husband, two children, and at age 30, has had, over the course of her eight years of married life, four abortions.

“It’s a reality in Georgia,” Eka told me over coffee on Wednesday. She said that “almost everyone” she knows has had at least two abortions.

Indeed, a 2005 survey on reproductive health in Georgia [pdf.] found that women here had on average 3.1 abortions in their lifetimes — a number that at the time earned Georgia the dubious honor of having the highest documented abortion rate in the world. (The rate in the United States today is .02.) The situation since then has improved considerably. According to a 2010 survey, Georgian women were having on average only 1.6 abortions in their lifetimes — a 48 percent decline over five years earlier.

Why the remarkable drop? The simple answer is that women in Georgia finally got the pill. That’s largely thanks to a campaign funded by U.S.A.I.D. and the United Nations Population Fund (U.N.F.P.A.) that educates doctors and nurses here, markets birth control on television and subsidizes the cost of condoms, pills and I.U.D.s.

This is a development success story that underscores a simple truth: more contraception equals fewer abortions.


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Prof. Winnie Monsod: Sex Education Needed to Curb Abortions

May 1, 2012 12:19pm

Sex education for women is one urgent solution to the growing number of abortions in the country, Prof. Winnie Monsod argued in the closing remarks of her show “Bawal ang Pasaway kay Mareng Winnie,” which aired last April 11.

Despite 12 percent of maternal mortalities in the country being abortion-related, and over 400,000 Filipino women undergoing abortions in the year 2000 alone, sex education remains unavailable to many Filipino women. Esther, a woman interviewed on the show, did not know until she was 29 years old that there were modern contraceptive methods available to her. Before that, she had two illegal and unsafe abortions for unintended pregnancies.

“We know it’s a sin, and it’s illegal. It’s a crime in the eyes of the law. It’s a crime in the eyes of God. So we have to ask, why do they continue to do it?” asked Prof. Monsod.

According to a paper authored by individual faculty of the Ateneo de Manila University, 72 percent of women who underwent abortions said that they could not afford to raise another child. Another 57 percent said that their pregnancies occurred too soon after the last one, and 54 percent said they already had enough children. Moreover, 13 percent of women who underwent abortions said that their pregnancies were result of forced sex.
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Unsafe Abortions Rise as Contraceptive Funding is Cut

13:22 19 January 2012 by Andy Coghlan

Global abortion rates have stopped falling, ending a period of rapid decline that began in 1995. However, the proportion of abortions that are dangerous continues to rise. Paradoxically, morally conservative US restrictions on foreign aid may have promoted the abortions they sought to restrict.

In 1995, 35 women of childbearing age out of every 1000 had an abortion; by 2003, the rate had dropped to 29 abortions per 1000 women. Now, Gilda Sedgh of the Guttmacher Institute in New York City and colleagues have compiled data on abortions around the world in 2008 and found that the rate then was 28 per 1000 women, little changed since 2003. However, because world population has grown, there were actually 2.2 million more abortions performed in 2008 than in 2003.

The proportion of those abortions that are dangerous is rising, though. Nearly all abortions performed in Africa in 2008 were deemed unsafe.

The increase in rates of dangerous abortions and the failure of total abortion rates to continue falling has previously been blamed on shortages of contraception – a link the new study makes too.
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